【学术】英文论文中值得参考的语法、句式

持续更新...2017.12.30

短语

具体作用方式:concrete functioning manner 

决定..的价值:undermines the value of  

为了简化问题:for a simplified consideration 

完备的解决方案:a self-contained settlement

熟练掌握/精通:take the proficiency of

优先权:preemption,a prior appropriation

有争议的问题:an controversial  issue

擅长解决有争议问题:perform well on the considered problem

最重要的:of paramount important

anticipation, mitigation, and containment of pandemics

模拟真实:replicate the true dynamic

大规模随机模型:largescale stochastic models

计算低效地:computationally ineffcient

适当的描述粒度:appropriate descriptive granularity

分隔的模型:compartmental model

近似模型和启发式算法:approximations and heuristics

时间范围:time horizon

排名表:league tables

用于决策的不同指标:different metrics for decision

作用函数:production function

易处理的问题:yield a tractable problem

任意网络:arbitrary networks

权衡:tradeoff

利用、使用:utilized

稀疏的生成矩阵:sparse generator matrix 

亮点:strengths、 merits

优缺点:merits and demerits

功大于过:One's merits outweigh one's short-comings

很好地:commendably; primely

区分:formulate构造,formula公式

分散控制:Decentralized control

大规模动态系统:large-scale dynamical systems

不同于:differs from

单词

情景:scene, scenario(复scenarios)

elaborate、present、propose、introduce、

轨迹:trajectories

操作:operated

改编、返工:reworking

操纵:manipulation

有利的:advantageous

坐标:coordinates

困境:dilemma

准随机:quasirandom

归纳为:induce, reduce

说明:illustrate

专用术语

nearer and farther corners of the hypercube

flipping various numbers of bits

accomplish modification

defined by the following rule

flips polarity

occurs as

zoonotic (mixed animal and human)

agricultural communities

differs from any optimization paradigm currently known

dietary carbohydrates  饮食中的碳水化合物

is subject to normal distribution 服从正态分布

衔接词

表面上看:Outwardly 

其中:Thereinto

另外:Additionally

进一步:Further

在某种程度上:in a sense

经验地:Empirically

句式

但是有几个注意事项要考虑: but there are several caveats that one has to consider      

连续动词铺陈:Like banks, most members of this system borrow very short-term and in liquid ways, are more highly leveraged than banks ( the exception being money market funds) and lend and invest into more illiquid and long-term instruments.

合理性得到验证:the rationality of the analytical method is validated

计算机术语

有向图(数学):digraph, 

析因试验:Factorial experiment

不相同的节点:non-identical nodes

模拟的、模仿的:mimetic 

泛函数:functionals

向下取整:rounding up or rounding down

绘图工具

R-ggplot2

Sigmaplot


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