【PSO】一个C++的粒子群(PSO)算法实现

以下代码亲测运行成功,运行环境:visio studio 2005。

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#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#include <ctime>

#define rand_01 ((float)rand() / (float)RAND_MAX)

const int numofdims = 30;
const int numofparticles = 50;

using namespace std;

//typedef void (*FitnessFunc)(float X[numofparticles][numofdims], float fitnesses[numofparticles]);

void fitnessfunc(float X[numofparticles][numofdims], float fitnesses[numofparticles])
{
    memset(fitnesses, 0, sizeof (float) * numofparticles);
    for(int i = 0; i < numofparticles; i++)
    {
        for(int j = 0; j < numofdims; j++)
        {
            fitnesses[i] += X[i][j] * X[i][j]; //(pow(X[i][j], 2));
        }
    }
}

void rosenBroekFunc(float X[numofparticles][numofdims], float fitnesses[numofparticles])
{
	float x1, x2, t1, t2;
	memset(fitnesses, 0, sizeof (float) * numofparticles);    
    for(int i = 0; i < numofparticles; i++)
        for(int j = 0; j < numofdims - 1; j++)
        {
            x1 = X[i][j];
            x2 = X[i][j+1];
            t1 = (x2 - x1 * x1);
            t1 *= t1;
            t1 *= 100;
            t2 = x1 - 1;
            t2 *= t2;
            fitnesses[i] = t1 + t2;
        }
}

float mean(float inputval[], int vallength)
{
    float addvalue = 0;
    for(int i = 0; i < vallength; i++)
    {
        addvalue += inputval[i];
    }
    return addvalue / vallength;
}

void PSO(int numofiterations, float c1, float c2,
              float Xmin[numofdims], float Xmax[numofdims], float initialpop[numofparticles][numofdims],
              float worsts[], float meanfits[], float bests[], float *gbestfit, float gbest[numofdims])
{
    float V[numofparticles][numofdims] = {0};
    float X[numofparticles][numofdims];
    float Vmax[numofdims];
    float Vmin[numofdims];
    float pbests[numofparticles][numofdims];
    float pbestfits[numofparticles];
    float fitnesses[numofparticles];
    float w;
    float minfit;
    int   minfitidx;

    memcpy(X, initialpop, sizeof(float) * numofparticles * numofdims);
    fitnessfunc(X, fitnesses);
    //rosenBroekFunc(X, fitnesses);
    
//    fp(X, fitnesses);
    minfit = *min_element(fitnesses, fitnesses + numofparticles);
    minfitidx = min_element(fitnesses, fitnesses + numofparticles) - fitnesses;
    *gbestfit = minfit;
    memcpy(gbest, X[minfitidx], sizeof(float) * numofdims);

    //设置速度极限
    for(int i = 0; i < numofdims; i++)
    {
        Vmax[i] = 0.2 * (Xmax[i] - Xmin[i]);
        Vmin[i] = -Vmax[i];
    }

    for(int t = 0; t < 1000; t++)
    {
        w = 0.9 - 0.7 * t / numofiterations;

		//计算个体历史极小值
        for(int i = 0; i < numofparticles; i++)
        {
            if(fitnesses[i] < pbestfits[i])
            {
                pbestfits[i] = fitnesses[i];  //pbestfits初始化尚未赋值
                memcpy(pbests[i], X[i], sizeof(float) * numofdims);
            }
        }
        for(int i = 0; i < numofparticles; i++)
        {
            for(int j = 0; j < numofdims; j++)
            {
                V[i][j] = min(max((w * V[i][j] + rand_01 * c1 * (pbests[i][j] - X[i][j])
                                   + rand_01 * c2 * (gbest[j] - X[i][j])), Vmin[j]), Vmax[j]);
                X[i][j] = min(max((X[i][j] + V[i][j]), Xmin[j]), Xmax[j]);
            }
        }

    fitnessfunc(X, fitnesses);
    //rosenBroekFunc(X, fitnesses);
        minfit = *min_element(fitnesses, fitnesses + numofparticles);
        minfitidx = min_element(fitnesses, fitnesses + numofparticles) - fitnesses;
        if(minfit < *gbestfit)
        {
            *gbestfit = minfit;
            //cout << "It=" << t << "->" << minfit << endl;
            memcpy(gbest, X[minfitidx], sizeof(float) * numofdims);
        }

        worsts[t] = *max_element(fitnesses, fitnesses + numofparticles);
        bests[t] = *gbestfit;
        meanfits[t] = mean(fitnesses, numofparticles);
    }


}

int main()
{
    time_t t;
    srand((unsigned) time(&t));

    float xmin[30], xmax[30];
    float initpop[50][30];
    float worsts[1000], bests[1000];
    float meanfits[1000];
    float gbestfit;
    float gbest[30];
    for(int i = 0; i < 30; i++)
    {
        xmax[i] = 100;
        xmin[i] = -100;
    }
    for(int i = 0; i < 50; i++)
        for(int j = 0; j < 30; j++)
        {
            initpop[i][j] = rand() % (100 + 100 + 1) - 100;
        }
	
    PSO(1000, 2, 2, xmin, xmax, initpop, worsts, meanfits, bests, &gbestfit, gbest);

    cout<<"fitness: " << gbestfit << endl;
    for(int i = 0; i < 30; i++)
      cout << gbest[i] << ", ";
    cout << endl;
    
    return 0;
}
转载自:http://blog.csdn.net/miscclp/article/details/38652571

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